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英语词法:介词短语全归纳

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本文摘要:一、介词as短语 As a consequence(of)效果,作为(...的)效果As a matter of fact事实上,其实As a result因此,效果As a result (of)由于;作为...的效果As a whole总体来说,作为整体As to=As for至于,关于二、介词at短语 At a high price以高价At a time每次,一次At a distance从远处At all全然,基础At birth出生At breakfast早餐时

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一、介词as短语 As a consequence(of)效果,作为(...的)效果As a matter of fact事实上,其实As a result因此,效果As a result (of)由于;作为...的效果As a whole总体来说,作为整体As to=As for至于,关于二、介词at短语 At a high price以高价At a time每次,一次At a distance从远处At all全然,基础At birth出生At breakfast早餐时At college在上大学At dawn在黎明At daybreak在破晓At dusk在黄昏At first开始时At first sight乍一看,初见之下,立刻At hand近在手边;在四周At home在家(里)At length终于,最后,详细地At last最后;终于At night在夜里At noon在中午At once连忙;马上At one time以前;曾经At one’s own expense自费At present现在,现在At rest静止;不动At school有危险,冒险At stake在学校,在求学At sea在大海上,在航海At sunrise日出时At sunset/sundown日落时At table在用餐At the age of在…岁时At the beginning of起初;开始At the bottom在底部At the cost of以…为价格At the end of在…的止境At the foot of在…的脚下At the head of在…的前面At the latest最迟At the mercy of在…的支配下;任由…摆布At the moment现在At (the) least至少,起码At (the) most至多,不凌驾At the same time同时At times有时;间或At work在事情三、介词by短语 By and by不久以后By accident偶然By day日间;白天里By the day按天(计)By land由陆路By mistake由疏忽所致By the light of借助…的光By the side of在…的旁边/四周By the way顺便说,顺便问一下By volume按体积By weight按重量四、介词in短语 1. in+n.+of In advance of在…的前面;凌驾In case of如果,万一In charge of主管,掌管,照管In consequence of由于…的缘故In danger of处于…的危险中In control of治理In face of面临;纵然In favour of赞成,支持;有利于In fear of畏惧In front of在…的前面(外部)In the front of在…的前面(内部)In honor of为向…表现敬意,为庆祝…,为纪念…In memory of纪念…In need/want/demand of需要In respect of关于,涉及In search of寻找;寻求In possession of拥有In place of取代In praise of歌颂,赞美In spite of只管;掉臂;虽然In support of支援;支持;拥护In terms of就...而言In the case of就...来说;至于In the course of在...期间,在...历程中In the direction of向...偏向,在...偏向In the form of以...形式In the hope of怀着...的希望In the middle of在...的中间In the eyes of在...看来In the way of就...而言,关于In the name of以...的名义;代表In view of鉴于,思量到;由于2.其他 In a few days几天以后In a few weeks’ time几周后In a flash一刹那间In a hurry慌忙地;很快地In a minute一会儿,连忙In a row一个接一个的,一连不停地In a short time不久,一会儿后In a sense从某种意义上说In a way在某种水平上In a word总而言之,总之In accordance with与...一致;根据,凭据In addition to除...之外(另有)In advance在前面;预先In (actual) fact事实上In all总计,总共,全部,总之In any case无论如何,总之In any event不管怎样,无论如何In brief简言之;以简练的形式In battle在战斗中In bed睡觉In case以防;以防万一In common公用,公有,配合In comparison with与...比力In chains上着镣铐,在囚禁中In danger处在危险(状态)中,告急In debt欠债;欠账In detail详细地In doubt拿禁绝,不愿定In exchange for交流,交换In effect实际上;有效In error错误地In fear在恐惧中In flower在着花In force有效,生效,在实施中In front在前方(面);在正劈面In full富足,十足In future从今以后In general一般地,大要上In good health身体好In half成两半In hand现有,在手头;在掌握中In high/poor/bad spirits情绪高涨/降低/差In harmony with与...协调In line排成一行,成直线In love热恋中In modern times现代In nature本质上;实际上In no case决不,无论如何不In no time立刻,连忙;马上In no way决不,一点也不In one’s honour向...表现歉意In one’s opinion以某人的看法In one’s search for寻找;寻求In or around四周,内外In (good) order整齐;有条理;按顺序In order that以便;为了In order to do以便;为了In other words换句话说;换言之In pairs成对的In particular特别,尤其In peace平静地,宁静In person亲自,本人In place在适当的位置In practice在实践中In preparation for为...准备In print(指书)已印好;(指作品)已出书In public当众,公然地In reality事实上,实际上In regard to关于In relation to关于,有关;与...相比In return作为回报,作为酬金In ruins成为废墟,遭到严重破坏In safety很宁静In season(水果等)应时的In secret秘密地,私下地In shape处于...状态In short总之,总而言之In sight被看到,看得见;在望In silence缄默沉静,无声地,悄悄地In space在太空In store贮藏着,准备着,就要到来In stock在贮存中;现有,备有In surprise惊讶地In tears流着泪;含泪In that既然;因为In the air在空中;未定In the distance在远处,在远方In the end最后,终于In the future未来In that case如果那样的话In the 17th century在十七世纪In the first place首先,第一;原先In the near future在不久的未来In the open air在露天In the past在已往(常用于一般已往时)In the least一点,丝毫In the long run从久远看来,最后In the world究竟,到底;在世界上In truth事实上,简直In touch with保持联系;相识In the past few years在已往几年里(常用于现在完成时)In the same way用同样的方法In this way用这种方法In the wild在自然情况下In time实时In total总共In trouble处于逆境(或苦恼)中In turn依次,轮流;反过来In vain徒劳,白辛苦五、介词of短语 Of value有价值的Of importance重要的Of use有用的Of help有资助的Of interest有兴趣的Of ability有能力的六、介词on短语 On account of因为,由于On all sides在各方面,随处On an open fire在篝火上On a large scale大规模(或大规模)地On average平均,按平均数盘算On behalf of代表...,为了...On board在船上;上船(或火车、飞机、公交车等)On business因事,因公On condition that如果...;在...条件下On earth在世界上;究竟,到底On end直立;竖着On duty值日On fire着火,失火On foot步行,徒步On guard站岗,值班On hand现有(尤指资助)On holiday在度假(休假)On no account决不On one’s own独立地,独自On one’s way home回家的路上On one’s way to去...的路上On principle凭据原则,根据原则On purpose居心On sale出售;减价On show展览;展出,陈列On the air(无线电、电视)播送On the basis of在...的基础上On the earth在地球上On the contrary正相反On the farm在农场On the left在左边On the other hand另一方面On the point of正要...时候On the right在右边On the radio通过无线电(广播)On the way在途中,在路上On the whole总的来说,大要上On time准时,定时On top of在...上面七、out of短语 Out of sight看不到Out of mind发狂Out of danger脱离危险Out of trouble挣脱难题Out of office在野,不执政Out of business失业Out of fashion不盛行Out of order出故障Out of debt不欠债Out of control不受控制Out of question毫无疑问Out of breath气喘吁吁Out of condition身体不佳Out of date过时Out of one’s reach够不着Out of work失业,没有事情八、介词under短语 Under discussion在讨论中Under treatment在治疗中Under control被控制Under attack被袭击Under consideration正在思量中九、介词with短语 With pleasure(客套地接受或同意)固然了;很愿意With delight兴奋地With fear吓得With satisfaction满足地With difficulty难题地With ease轻而易举地With pride自满地With one’s help在某人的资助下十、from...to...组成的短语 From beginning to end重新到尾From head to foot重新到脚,满身From bad to worse越来越糟From morning to night从早到晚From time to time不时地From place to place各处From door to door挨家挨户地From top to bottom整个地,彻底地From cover to cover(指书)重新到尾From hand to mouth委曲生活From generation to generation一代一代地From day to day日复一日十一、短语 1.n.+by+n. Side by side肩并肩地Step by step一步一步地One by one一个接一个地Little by little一点一点地Day by day一天一天地2.n.+after+n. Year after year年复一年地3.n.+in+n. Arm in arm臂挽臂地Hand in hand手牵手地4.n.+to+n. Heart to heart相互谈心地Face to face面临面地Back to back背靠背地Shoulder to shoulder肩并肩地十二、其他介词短语 According to凭据...所说;根据After a (short) while不久以后After all究竟Ahead of在...前面(以前),优胜于,凌驾All in all总的来说,总计All of a sudden突然地,冷不防线,意外地All over the country广泛全国All over the world全世界Apart from除...外(都);除...外(尚有)Around to the corner即未来临,在拐角处Be suited to合适,适宜Dozens of几十,许多Except for除了...之外Far from远离,完全不,绝非First of all首先Free of change免费From dawn till dusk从黎明到天黑From...on从...时开始,从...以后Lots of许多Masses of大量,许多Next to贴近;仅次于Nothing but (=except)只是,仅仅Of course固然;自然Of late最近,迩来Of one’s own属于某人自己的Off duty下班Once in a while有时,偶然,间或Once upon a time良久以前;从前One after another相继,顺次Or so约莫Over and over重复;再三Over and over again重复不停,一再,多次Over the centuries经由几个世纪Over there在那里(指较远处)Packs of大量的,成捆的Piles of成堆的Plenty of富足的,相当多的;许多的;大量的Since then自那以后(常用于完成时)Tens of thousands好几万Through thick and thin掉臂艰难To the point中肯;简要,切中要害Up and down上上下下,往返地Up to直到;从事于Up to date现代的,时新的,据现在所知的Up to time准时Upon one’s word一定;绝不虚言十三、be+adj.+介词 1.be+adj.+about Be anxious about为...而忧虑Be certain/sure about对...有掌握Be careful about当心;小心Be concerned about担忧Be doubtful about对...怀疑Be enthusiastic about对...热情的/热心的Be hopeful about对...抱有希望Be sorry about对...感应内疚Be worried about对...担忧Be curious about对...好奇2.be+adj.+as Be considered as被看做(认为)Be regarded as被当做Be thought of as被当做Be famous as作为...而著名3.be+adj.+at Be aimed at目的是,旨在,针对Be good at擅长Be quick at做...敏捷Be slow at对...反映慢Be surprised at对...受惊Be bad at不擅长Be terrified at受到...吓唬Be shocked at对...感应震惊Be present at出席4.be+adj.+from Be absent from缺席Be away from远离...Be free from不受...影响Be safe from面受...危害Be different from与...差别Be made from由...制成5.be+adj.+for Be anxious for盼望Be good for对...有益Be bad for对...有害Be fit for适合Be unfit for不适合Be late for迟到Be thankful for因...而感谢Be famous for因...而著名Be ready for为...做好准备Be responsible for对...卖力Be short for是...的缩略形式6.be+adj.+in Be active in努力从事与Be weak in不擅长...Be strict in对...严格Be rich in含有富厚的...Be interested in对...感兴趣Be dressed in穿着...Be engaged in使从事于,使忙于Be high/low in...含量高/低Be successful in在...上乐成Be absorbed/deep/buried in专心于Be disappointed in对...感应失望Be experienced in对...有履历Be expert in在...方面熟练Be fortunate in有幸Be measured in以...盘算7.be+adj.+of Be afraid of畏惧Be ashamed of为...感应羞耻Be aware of知道Be capable of能够Be conscious of意识到Be fond of喜欢,喜好Be full of充满...的Be guilty of有...罪的Be made out of由...组成Be made up of由...组成Be proud of因...自满Be short of缺乏Be sick of厌烦Be sure of/about确信,有掌握Be tired of (=be bored with)厌倦Be worthy of值得Be free of免于Be shy of对...感应含羞8.be+adj.+to Be contrary to与...相反Be equal to即是Be familiar to对...熟悉Be favorable to对...有利Be harmful to对...有害Be polite to对...有礼貌Be rude to对...无礼Be married to与...完婚Be suitable to适合Be addicted to沦落于Be admitted to/into获准进入,被...录取Be bound to肯定,一定Be devoted to doing致力于,献身于Be engaged to与...文定Be essential to/be essential to/be fundamental for对...必不行少;对...很是重要Be faithful to忠诚于Be home to为...的所在地Be related/linked to与...有关Be similar to与...相似Be superior to比...优越,凌驾...Be/get/become used to/be accustomed to对...习以为常,习惯于,适应于9.be+adj.+with Be popular with受...接待Be busy with忙于...Be careful with对...很小心Be strict with对...苛刻Be patient with对...有耐心Be pleased with对...感应满足Be crowded with充满...Be content with对...满足Be annoyed with对...烦恼Be familiar with对...熟悉Be friendly with与...友好Be nervous with对...紧张Be satisfied with对...满足Be angry with生某人的气Be concerned with体贴,记挂Be connected/associated with与...有关Be cross with sb.生某人的气Be drunk with醉心于...,沦落于...Be equipped with配备有...Be faced with面临,面临Be filled with充满...Be flooded with被...所淹没;充满,充斥Be tired with doing因做...而疲惫Be wrong with有毛病10.be+adj.+on Be dependant on依靠Be keen on热衷于...Be severe on对...严格/严厉Be based on以...为基础,基于...之上Be hard on对...苛刻,对...严格要求内容计划:待满足“圈子功效与专栏功效”时,图说英语原创图文与短视频陆续对外开放。每一步前进,都离不开大家的转发与支持,接待大家,一起解锁更多精彩英语学习内容!智学英文:短视频+图说英语习得路径:拼读+跟读+阅读图说新观点+图说单词+七日练音标/拼读/单词/语法特别说明:仅供免费学习使用,如涉及版权,请联系予以删除。也希望每位同伴尊重每一个作品背后的支付,如果使用,请注明出处!接待列位关注,点赞,转发与评论!谢谢每一次的“赞赏”!。


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